GENI draws upon the ethnographic tradition of anthropology and the intersectional paradigm that understands people as culturally ascribed to diverse and sometimes contradictory identity processes, which coexist, overlap and intertwine. These processes, conditioning personal and collective experiences and narratives, are the source of inequalities, hierarchies and exclusions, but they are also the source of resilience, solidarity and transgressions.

From this perspective, identities are understood as processal, cultural and relational. It is through this vision that the inherent ambivalence of categories of identity is made visible: they offer meanings and stability, but they also limit and condition our field of experience. Likewise, gender is perceived as an open and plural category, given that bodily and identity expressions often overgrow the hegemonic binary logic. We are, then, facing multiple dimensions of diversity: identity processes, the interlocking of rules, axes of inequality, experiences, narratives and expressions.

Research areas